Periodontal TherapyAn Overview
Roham Rafat, DDS, MS of Valley Dental Health is specialist in periodontics and perio-prosthodontics. He is the only periodontist in the Hunt Valley area, and one of only a few periodontists trained in perio-prosthodontics in the greater Baltimore area. Dr. Rafat’s specialty training allows us to provide full care for the treatment of gum disease as well as the replacement of missing teeth and other periodontal concerns.
What Causes Gum Disease?
Periodontal disease is a term that encompasses both gingivitis (gum disease) and periodontitis (disease of the gum, bone, and other supporting structures of the tooth). Along with caries (cavities) it is one of the leading causes for tooth loss. More than three-quarters of adults are affected by gum disease, which is mostly caused by bacterial plaque build-up. Other contributing factors to gum disease may include teeth grinding, TMJ dysfunction, tobacco use, hormonal changes (as in pregnancy or menopause), and poor nutrition.
Common signs of gum disease include:
- Red, swollen or sore gums
- Bleeding gums
- Receding gums
- Loose teeth
- Mouth sores or pus between gums and teeth
- Bad breath (halitosis)
- Changes in the fit of dentures
How To Prevent Gum Disease
The best way to prevent gum disease is with good oral health routines, regular visits to the dentist and a healthy diet. Removing plaque before it hardens into tartar can prevent gum irritation and gum disease.
During routine dental visits, our dentists carefully screen for signs and symptoms of gum disease. When caught early, gum disease is easily treatable and even reversible. It is important to treat gum disease in its early stages to prevent progression to periodontitis, which is more difficult to treat. Dr. Izadi and Dr. Rafat provide easy, practical advice for the at home care of teeth and gums.