Valley Dental Health

Cockeysville Periodontal Gum Disease


About Periodontal Gum Disease

Valley Dental Health, located in Cockeysville, MD, is the premier destination for periodontal gum disease treatment. Led by Dr. Ashley Izadi and Dr. Roham Rafat, our team of experienced dentists are committed to providing the highest quality of care and service to our patients. We use state-of-the-art technology and the latest techniques to ensure our patients receive the best possible treatment. Call us today at 410-666-1178 to schedule an appointment and get on the path to better oral health.

Key Takeaways

Roham Rafat, DDS, MS of Valley Dental Health is a periodontist and perio-prosthodontist in Hunt Valley, one of few in the greater Baltimore area. He provides full care for the treatment of gum disease and replacement of missing teeth.

Common signs of gum disease include red, swollen or sore gums, bleeding gums, receding gums, loose teeth, mouth sores, bad breath, and changes in the fit of dentures. Gum disease is mostly caused by bacterial plaque build-up and can be prevented with good oral health routines, regular visits to the dentist, and a healthy diet.

Dr. Rafat offers several treatment options for periodontal disease, including scaling and root planing, Arestin® antibiotic, dental implants, and implant-supported dentures. He also provides cosmetic gum surgery to reshape or remove part of the gum to reveal more tooth structure and improve the overall smile.

Questions about gum disease can be answered by Dr. Rafat and Dr. Izadi, such as whether bleeding gums is a sign of gum disease, if it is treatable, how smoking affects the gums, how fast gum disease spreads, and if electric toothbrushes are better for periodontal disease.

Schedule Your Next Appointment With Us Today.

Roham Rafat, DDS, MS of Valley Dental Health is a specialist in periodontics and perio-prosthodontics. He is the only periodontist in the Hunt Valley area, and one of only a few periodontists trained in perio-prosthodontics in the greater Baltimore area.

Dr. Rafat’s specialty training allows us to provide full care for the treatment of gum disease as well as the replacement of missing teeth and other periodontal concerns. Are you experiencing bleeding gums? If you show any of the signs of gum disease mentioned below, contact us today.

Common signs of gum disease include:

  • Red, swollen or sore gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Receding gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Mouth sores or pus between gums and teeth
  • Bad breath (halitosis)
  • Changes in the fit of dentures

What Causes Gum Disease?

Periodontal disease is a term that encompasses both gingivitis (gum disease) and periodontitis (disease of the gum, bone, and other supporting structures of the tooth). Along with caries (cavities) it is one of the leading causes of tooth loss.

More than three-quarters of adults are affected by gum disease, which is mostly caused by bacterial plaque build-up. Other contributing factors to gum disease may include teeth grinding, TMJ dysfunction, tobacco use, hormonal changes (as in pregnancy or menopause), and poor nutrition.

How Do I Prevent Gum Disease?

The best way to prevent gum disease is with good oral health routines, regular visits to the dentist, and a healthy diet. Brushing and flossing daily are the keys to enjoying a lifelong smile that is strong and healthy. Removing plaque before it hardens into tartar can prevent gum irritation and gum disease.

During routine dental visits, our dentists carefully screen for signs and symptoms of gum disease. When caught early, gum disease is easily treatable and even reversible.

It is important to treat gum disease in its early stages to prevent progression to periodontitis, which is more difficult to treat. Dr. Izadi and Dr. Rafat provide easy, practical advice for the at-home care of teeth and gums.

Treating Gum Disease

Dr. Rafat offers several treatment options for periodontal disease. Patients with early signs of gum disease may benefit from deep teeth cleaning known as scaling and root planing.

During this procedure, the dentist will remove plaque and tartar from the deep pockets of the gum. Patients who have advanced signs of gum disease may require more intense treatment or surgery.

Dr. Rafat also uses Arestin®, a powerful antibiotic, for gum disease treatment. Arestin® is used during scaling and root planing procedures to kill bacteria deep within pockets below the gumline. Arestin® is better than an oral antibiotic because it concentrates treatment only where you need it.

Replacing Missing Teeth

As a periodontist and perio-prosthodontist, Dr. Rafat offers numerous options for the replacement of missing teeth. Among those choices are dental implants and implant-supported dentures, offering them the most natural-like aesthetics and function.

Cosmetic Gum Surgery

The appearance of the gingiva (gums) is just as important to the overall smile as the appearance of the teeth. The soft tissue frames the teeth, and it is necessary that both are in health and harmony to create a natural, beautiful smile.

If you are unhappy with the appearance of your smile or if you have a gummy smile, you may be a candidate for cosmetic gum surgery. A gum lift is a procedure that involves reshaping or removing part of the gum to reveal more tooth structure, enhance the appearance of the teeth and improve your overall smile.

Gum Disease FAQs

Are bleeding gums a sign of gum disease?

Yes, if your gums have begun to bleed, this is a common sign that you may have gingivitis. Irritated gums will often bleed due to a lack of proper oral health care. If you do not regularly care for your teeth, plaque will build up on the gum line which will cause them to bleed.

Is gum disease treatable?

At the early stage of gum disease (gingivitis), your gums will become irritated and may swell and bleed. If you seek treatment before the disease progresses, then you can recover. At this stage, your dentist will suggest a treatment to reverse the disease usually with a deep, professional cleaning.

How does smoking affect my gums?

Smoking is bad for your health for many reasons. It can also contribute to gum disease, a fact not many people realize. People who smoke have more bacteria-filled plaque built up on their teeth. Then, smoking also reduces the blood flow to the gums making it harder for them to heal. People who smoke are more likely to suffer from advanced periodontal disease, a condition that leads to tooth loss.

How fast does gum disease spread?

Gum disease progresses relatively quickly. The progression from stage one(gingivitis) to stage two periodontitis takes an average of 67 weeks(15 months). It is important to seek treatment sooner rather than later to prevent the disease from progressing and causing permanent damage.

What is the final stage of gum disease?

The final stage of gum disease is advanced periodontitis. At this stage, the disease cannot be reversed. It is common that once patients reach this stage they may lose teeth, or teeth may loosen and break away from the gums. This stage may also cause damage to the jawbone.

Can you reverse stage 3 gum disease?

Stage three periodontitis is not reversible. At this stage, we use treatment to prevent the infection from worsening, however we cannot reverse prior damage.

When is it too late for gum grafting?

In severe cases, it may be too late for gum grafting. This may occur if your gums are severely damaged, or they are receding to the point that your tooth’s root is exposed. There may also be significant jaw bone loss at this point, where gum grafting will not benefit the patient at all.

Are electric toothbrushes better for periodontal disease?

Electric toothbrushes are recommended for patients with periodontal disease. In general, electric toothbrushes offer more than general toothbrushes, because they provide added power and are safer for the gums and tooth enamel. They also are set to a timer to ensure that patients brush their teeth for a full two minutes.

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What Our Amazing Patients Say

Kim Abbott
Kim Abbott

Fantastic place, everyone is very friendly & thorough from the office staff to the dentist . I’m Getting full implants.
They explained everything & answered all of my 900 questions. Every visit is a great experiance , no more anxiety.
I will be going back again ! So happy I found Valley Dental !

Kurt Yearwood
Kurt Yearwood

Great professional, friendly place . I love everyone there !!

Brittany Murray
Brittany Murray

The staff are all very friendly and make you feel right at home. I especially love Tiffany at the front desk, she’s the best! I have been coming here for about 6 years now and haven’t had any complaints. I got to meet Dr. Gear and she was fantastic. She took her time to explain the preventive care that was being suggested, answered all of my questions in great detail, and diligently and quickly did my fill in. I highly recommend this dental office!!

Sharareh Atighehchi
Sharareh Atighehchi

Best in Maryland.

Annette Gardner
Annette Gardner

Great dentist, great staff ! I gave a great fear of dentist but valley dental is amazing

Margaret Corcoran
Margaret Corcoran

Every person I encountered in this office was kind and helpful! They bent over backwards to make sure I was comfortable, and Dr Gear is wonderful!
Thanks for all did yesterday to help me!

Michael Nicholson
Michael Nicholson

A place where you can go and be genuinely appreciated. Every aspect of your procedure is carefully performed and described to. Valley Dental Health is more than worth 1 hour drive I take to get there.

Paul B
Paul B

I came to Valley Dental 15 Months ago. I had a lot of Dental work to do Dr Rafat and his staff did an excellent job. I am so glad I left my old Dentist and Found Valley Dental. I highly recommend this practice to Anyone.
Best Regards
Paul M Bozman Jr

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is periodontal gum disease?

Answer: Periodontal gum disease is an advanced form of gum disease that affects the tissues and bones that support the teeth.

What are the symptoms of periodontal gum disease?

Answer: Symptoms of periodontal gum disease can include red, swollen, and tender gums, bleeding gums while brushing or flossing, receding gums, and bad breath.

How is periodontal gum disease diagnosed?

Answer: Periodontal gum disease is typically diagnosed through a dental exam, which may include x-rays and measuring the pockets around the teeth.

What are the treatment options for periodontal gum disease?

Answer: Treatment options for periodontal gum disease can include scaling and root planing to remove plaque and tartar buildup, antibiotics to help reduce infection, and surgical procedures.

What preventive measures can be taken to avoid periodontal gum disease?

Answer: Practicing good oral hygiene, such as brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and visiting the dentist for regular check-ups can help to prevent periodontal gum disease.